Beware of These 6 Common (and Costly!) Retirement Mistakes
Our retirement is our responsibility, yet many people do not think about how they are going to spend their retirement time. More importantly, even fewer people plan on how to fund it until it is too late. If you are old enough to buy a drink at a bar, it is time to think about your retirement.
In March 2013 the Employee Benefit Research Institute (EBRI) found 57% of U.S. workers have less than $25,000 in total household savings and investments, excluding their homes.
Of workers and retirees, 28% reported no confidence that they will have enough money to retire in comfort, the highest level of concern in the 23-year history of the EBRI study. Only 66% of Americans report having any retirement savings, compared to 75% of workers in 2009.
Only 50% of Americans say they can put their hands on $2,000 cash for an emergency.
Many Americans are not good at saving money and dismally poor at saving for their later years.
What are the common mistakes and how can we avoid them?
Mistake #1: Starting too late. Many of us believed we were immortal in our 20s. By the time we get into our 40s and 50s, we regret not only neglecting our physical health but also ignoring our financial health. Those lost decades can mean hundreds of thousands of dollars in lost retirement savings because then we cannot take advantage of compound interest.
People often don’t start saving money because they don’t think that what they can afford to put away will make a difference. Saving just $100 per month starting at 20 years old at a 10% interest rate means having $1,761,413 when you turn 70. Waiting until you are 30 to start saving reduces that amount to $643,048. Time matters!
Mistake #2: Not saving enough during working years. The average person working today will likely live to be almost 90. Let’s say your parents support you until you are 21, and you want to retire at 65. For the first 21 years of your life and the last 25 you are not producing income for yourself. From age 21 to 65, you have to make enough during those 44 years to support not only YOUR children for the first 21 years of their life, but also to fund the last 25 years of your life.
Mistake #3: Funding your child’s college fund instead of your retirement account. Yes, you want the best for your children, but remember that they can borrow money to go to college, while you cannot borrow money to retire. One strategy is to encourage friends and family members to contribute to your child’s college fund instead of giving them birthday or Christmas presents. The children may not appreciate that at the time, but once they start looking at college costs, they will be very grateful.
If your relatives jointly contribute just $41.66/month ($500 per year) to a child’s college fund after 18 years of contributions at 10% your graduate will have $25,227.
Mistake #4: Not taking advantage of the ROTH IRA (Individual Retirement Account) while you still can. The ROTH IRA is a fantastic retirement medium because it allows your money to grow tax-free forever. You are not taxed on the capitals gain, dividends, or profits you make within a ROTH account. Because this is such a good deal, Congress and IRS have income limitations restricting who can invest in a ROTH. A single person can contribute $5,500 per year into a ROTH IRA account (like a Traditional IRA) but only if they make less than $112,000 per year. For married couples the income restriction begins at $178,000.
Mistake #5: Underestimating your costs of living in retirement. Chances are, with more free time, you will spend money. During retirement you want to travel, visit friends and family, and spend more time on activities that interest you, such as hobbies. Golf (as well as many other activities) costs money. For years, many financial planners were telling their clients that they only need 65% of their working income for retirement.
I disagree for 2 reasons. First, these planners were often not considering the impact that rising inflation (overall levels of prices going up over time) would do to their clients’ purchasing power. Second, some costs in retirement are higher, not lower such as health care, medications, insurance, entertainment, and home maintenance.
Mistake #6: Social security was developed as a retirement supplement, not as a single source of income, and it is going bankrupt. We are facing a crisis with baby boomers heading into retirement suddenly realizing that they are not going to be able to sustain themselves. Their children will suddenly realize that during adulthood, their lifestyle is going to be impacted when they are going to have to support their aging parents.
Bottom line: Your retirement is your responsibility. Start now. Be smart.